See also: Civil Law
Everybody in America is guaranteed certain rights or liberties. These are found in the Bill of Rights in the United States Constitution. These are basic freedoms given to us as citizens to live freely in this country. The Bill of Rights are actually Amendments to the Constitution, that were written at the same time the Constitution was ratified. The first ten of these amendments were then known as The Bill of Rights.
Bill of Rights
- Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition
- Right to Bear Arms
- Quartering of Troops
- Search and Seizure
- Grand Jury, Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, Due Process
- Criminal Prosecutions - Jury Trial, Right to Confront and to Counsel
- Common Law Suits - Jury Trial
- Excess Bail or Fines, Cruel and Unusual Punishment
- Non-Enumerated Rights
- Rights Reserved to States
There are now 27 amendments to the Constitution. Each one "must be proposed to the states by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention called by two-thirds of the states, and ratified by three-fourths of the states or by three-fourths of conventions thereof, the method of ratification being determined by Congress at the time of proposal."1
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Another important time in civil rights was during the early '60s, when Dr. Martin Luther King, JR. led a march from Alabama to Washington, D.C. to give his infamous speech, I Have A Dream. This led to a move throughout the country to give African Americans the same rights and privileges as White Americans. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, marking a landmark piece of legislation in American history.
Not only did this Act give African Americans the same rights as whites, it made it illegal to discriminate against them because of the color of their skin. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public.
Today's Civil Rights
Today there is still problems that occur to our civil rights. We are sometimes denied our rights and privileges as American citizens and the law needs to step in to make it correct. If you ever find yourself in a place where you feel you have lost some of your civil rights, give David Whipple a call at (816) 842-6411 for a free 30 minute consultation.